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A Hubert Harrison Reader

"We must thank Jeffrey B. Perry for assembling the definitive collection of Harrison's writings. Perry . . . brings an enthusiasm and judicious scholarly eye to this project. Expertly edited with a gracious introduction along with copious and wonderfully helpful notes, "A Hubert Harrison Reader" grants the scholarly community the opportunity to revisit this towering intellectual and to judge anew his negotiations of the intersections of race and nation."--Corey D.B. Walker, Brown University, “Rethinking Race and Nation for a New African American Intellectual History," Black Renaissance/Renaissance Noire, Summer/Fall, 2002

From the Back Cover

The St. Croix, Virgin Islands-born Hubert Harrison (1883-1927), known as "the father of Harlem radicalism," was a brilliant writer, orator, educator, critic, and political activist in New York in the 1910s and 1920s. Historian J. A. Rogers, in "World's Great Men of Color," refers to Harrison as "the foremost Afro-American intellect of his time" and (amid chapters on Booker T. Washington, William Monroe Trotter, W. E. B. Du Bois, and Marcus Garvey) emphasizes that "none of the Afro-American leaders of his time had a saner and more effective program." During the 1910s and 1920s Harrison was a major influence on A. Philip Randolph, Garvey, and a generation of World War I-era activists and "common people." He is one of the truly important, yet neglected, figures of early twentieth-century America.

This individually introduced and annotated collection of one hundred thirty-eight articles offers a comprehensive presentation of Harrison's writings on class and race consciousness, socialism, the labor movement, the New Negro movement, religion, education, politics, Black leadership and leaders, international events, Caribbean topics, the Virgin Islands, literature and literary criticism, and the Black theater.

Great News -- The 2021 Edition of "A Hubert Harrison Reader" in E-Book Form is available Here at 35% off using Code QNEW

“Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism”
Slide Presentation/Talk by Jeffrey B. Perry
Dudley Public Library, Roxbury, Massachusetts, February 15, 2014
Over 11,000 Views


Jeffrey B. Perry discusses "A Hubert Harrison Reader" with host Stella Winston of "Straight Up!" for Brooklyn Cable TV, June 14, 2002.

Reviews and Reviewers' Comments on "A Hubert Harrison Reader"

Earnest Allen, Emeritus Professor
University of Massachusetts

"The appearance of Harrison's writings will most certainly not only fill a gap in our understanding of black radical and nationalist writings around the World War I period and beyond, but will also, I suspect, change the way in which we tend to look at black thought generally in this period." -- Ernest Allen, Jr., W.E.B. Du Bois Department of Afro-American Studies, UMass at Amherst


Excerpts from A Review of Jeffrey Perry, editor,
Middletown, Ct.: Wesleyan University Press, 2001,
473 pages. paper

. . . I think this is one of the more significant books published in African-American Studies, perhaps U.S. History, in recent years.

Born in St. Croix, Virgin Islands, during the era of Danish colonialism and spending a good deal of his life in Harlem, Harrison (1883-1927) was a writer, orator, educator, critic--definitely, a critic--and activist.

He served as editor of the NEGRO WORLD and the analyses he makes of Marcus Garvey and the UNIA still must be responded to; I think that in many ways Harrison's analyses of the World War I era--and countless other matters-- are sharper than those of Du Bois. His critique of A. Philip Randolph remains relevant. He has useful things to say about Soviet Russia, Mexico, Africa, China and—of course--Japan. His analysis of the Virgin Islands has to be read by any with interest in this U.S. colony. He wrote analyses of India under a pseudonym that still repay attention. Naturally, his words on the 'Harlem Renaissance' and cultural/literary production are rich; ditto for his views of the GOP, Democrats and political independence. Harrison carefully monitored relations between U.S. Negroes and those then called West Indians. In this Different era, the radical Harrison--a socialist through and through--contributed Regularly to the NY TIMES BOOK REVIEW.

. . . Like Perry, Harrison once worked as a postal worker. Indeed, the annotation and documented analysis that Perry provides, puts to shame some who have not faced the difficult schedule and lack of resources he has endured as a trade union activist and leader.

. . . Perry makes an effective argument for the notion of Harrison as a scandalously ignored thinker and activist, whose words about the fate of Africans on the continent and elsewhere and his insights into complex realities of all sorts remain worthy of serious study.

[The full review first appeared on BRC-DISCUSS, the general discussion group of the Black Radical Congress, on June 1, 2001.]



"Perry's annotation is extensive...It is exemplary scholarship...Harrison's texts are a feast for the intellect and a rich source of information and opinion on the African American issues of Harrison's day." -- H. Nigel Thomas, author of "Lives: Whole and Otherwise," in Wadabagei.
For the full review CLICK HERE

Sean I. Ahern



Sean I. Ahern, "Hubert Henry Harrison-Tribune of the People," "Black Agenda Report," in 3 parts June 8, 15, 22, 2022 (also published in "New York Almanack"


"A Hubert Harrison Reader and the 2 volume biographies provide a window for those interested in: the struggle against white supremacism; capitalism and Imperialism in the early 20th century; the rise of the New Negro Movement; the Garvey movement; early efforts to build mass based radical Black organization; questions of leadership arising in mass based radical organizations; and the signal importance of education and culture to the growth of social movements. Labor and Black activists, students and educators interested in such topics such as Critical Race Theory and Black Marxism may find in Harrison an early, though heretofore unacknowledged, resource.


"A Hubert Harrison Reader" contains published and unpublished articles, book reviews, letters and diary entries organized thematically and preceded by brief contextual remarks by Perry. Harrison's own words will readily engage the modern reader just as his talks and writings influenced a wide audience in the socialist and New Negro movements between 1911-1927. The iconoclastic author Henry Miller, reflecting 40 years later on his days as a young socialist in Manhattan, described Hubert Harrison as his "quondam idol." The noted historian J. A. Rogers described the program that Harrison espoused as the "sanest." Harrison's relationship with Marcus Garvey and the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) are well documented and examined in detail in the most recently published second volume, "Hubert Harrison: The Struggle for Equality, 1918-1927."


See HERE for the "New York Almanack" publication of the article.



. . . This book is long overdue and we want to bring special attention to it . . . Perry did an excellent job in providing a context for appreciating Hubert Harrison's powerful work. A brilliant writer, orator, educator, critic, and political activist, Hubert Harrison (1883-1927) is one of the truly important figures of early twentieth century. . . .
. . . Perry sums Harrison's career up nicely. "During his relatively short life of forty-four years, Harrison made his mark by struggling against class and racial oppression, by participating in and helping to create a remarkably rich and vibrant intellectual life, and by working for the enlightened development of the lives of 'the common people.' His political/educational work emphasized the need for working-class people to develop class consciousness; for 'Negroes' to develop race consciousness, self-reliance, and self-respect; and for all those he reached to develop modern, scientific, critical, and independent thought as a means toward liberation."


James G. Spady
Philadelphia New Observer
February 5, 2003

"In the first quarter of the twentieth century, Hubert Harrison emerged as one of the most creative, wide-ranging, biting, and perceptive students of race and race relations in the United States. . . Perry, with his new and valuable collection of Harrison's writings . . . restores Harrison to the center of African American political thought and organizing in the early twentieth century. -- Eric Arnesen, Columbian College, George Washington University

"Thanks to the work of independent schiolar Jeffrey B. Perry . . . the before his time messages, and life story of Harrison have been rsurrected and his writings [made] available with the publication of A Hubert Harrison Reader . . . I find it hard to put A Hubert Harrison Reader down each time I pick it up and find it more difficult to accept Harrison's absence from my cultural and racial self-understanding." -- Venice R. Williams, Executive Director of Alice's Garen Staff. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, December/Jamuary 2009/10

A mere biographical sketch cannot adequately convey who Hubert Harrison was. Only through his writings, drawn from numerous periodical sources and painstakingly compiled with richly detailed, informative commentary by Perry, can one acquire some true sense of this figure, once so influential and now all but forgotten.

The man was an internationalist and anti-imperialist. Some of the best pieces in the collection take up the issue of imperialist war and its meaning, especially for people of color. As such, they stand today as timely reminders of lessons gleaned from an earlier period of capitalist class adventurism abroad and accompanying racism.

. . . Harrison also saw new opportunities and possibilities for the world's oppressed coming off the end of the World War. In that, too, informative lessons can be drawn.

Harrison's criticisms of the limitations of mainstream Black organizations, his contemporary left critique of Washington's accommodationism, Dubois' "Talented Tenth" gradualist concessions to a white "civil rights" establishment, and even of Garvey's separatism, open up a richer understanding of the African-American activist tradition.

Most significantly, perhaps, the sections dealing with Harrison's experience within the Socialist movement send today's left some important historical messages regarding the failure to place race, the still pervasive presence of "the color line," at the center of any socialist program.
Allen Ruff, Against the Current, Jan. - Feb., 2004


Also see HERE

“We must thank Jeffrey B. Perry for assembling the definitive collection of Harrison's writings. Perry . . . brings an enthusiasm and judicious scholarly eye to this project. Expertly edited with a gracious introduction along with copious and wonderfully helpful notes, A Hubert Harrison Reader grants the scholarly community the opportunity to revisit this towering intellectual and to judge anew his negotiations of the intersections of race and nation.. . . Harrison was a prolific writer and probing thinker on a variety of subjects ranging from socialism to black leadership. His commentaries on religion, literature, history, art, and society are stunningly original and are incredibly fertile. . . . Hubert Harrison deftly navigated the contested terrain of race and nation. His socialist writings reveal a complex and advanced analysis of the imbrications of class and race; ever aware of the racial economy of the United States and the history of chattel slavery, Harrison was acutely attuned to the fact that any analysis of class had to be cognizant of the particular logics of the white-black racial binary that lie at the heart of American democracy. . . . Harrison was one of the leading African American socialist theoreticians and commentators in the early years of the twentieth century, and in order to fully appreciate the quality of his writings on socialism and the plight of African Americans, one need only be reminded of the history of this period, marked as it was by macabre scenes of racial violence, labyrinthine legal and judicial structures designed to maintain a racist status quo, and expansion and deepening of the colonial project. . . . Perry's collection is a welcome addition for those interested in pursuing and elaborating on one prominent black intellectual's ideas and ideals of race and nation. . . . still there remains much to explore in Harrison's thought on race and nation, and to this end we owe a great debt of gratitude to Jeffrey Perry for assembling this well crafted reader.” Corey D. B. Walker, Brown University, in Black Renaissance, 2002.

"A Hubert Harrison Reader belongs on the shelf of every serious library and in the hands of every serious scholar of African American history and radical political thought."
Christopher Phelps, Ohio State University

"Perry's book presents the broad range of Harrison's influence, detailing his work in literary criticism, theatre, philosophy, as well as his work with race and class politics. Moreover, Perry's introductory essays are encyclopedic in their own right. Anyone who has an interest in the history of Black politics, the Harlem Renaissance period, or in early American radical politics must read this book." -- Portia James, Anacostia Museum

"I am impressed by the scholarship and the presentation of each Harrison item; they show an unmatched mastery of the material. I'm sure all scholars and libraries will almost be obliged to engage in the pleasure of using your book." -- Theodore W. Allen, author of The Invention of the White Race

Best Bookstore for Browsing
Suite 101.com (the self-described "world's most comprehensive independent online magazine") described the Teaching for Change Bookstore at Busboys and Poets in Washington, DC as one of the three best bookstores for browsing and meeting in the nation’s capital.
Not surprisingly, on the bookshelves of Teaching for Change, A Hubert Harrison Reader was prominently displayed.

Talks on "A Hubert Harrison Reader"

Purchase "A Hubert Harrison Reader"

A Hubert Harrison Reader
Editor Jeffrey B. Perry interviewed by host Stella Winston for "Straight Up!"
Brooklyn Community Access Television
June 14, 2002.
Part 1

A Hubert Harrison Reader
Editor Jeffrey B. Perry interviewed by host Stella Winston for "Straight Up!"
Brooklyn Community Access Television
June 14, 2002.
Part 2

Cornel West on Hubert Harrison, Thomas Paine, and Jeffrey B. Perry
at the Left Forun in New York City
June 3, 2014