Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism, 1883-1918
“Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism”
Slide Presentation/Talk by Jeffrey B. Perry
Dudley Public Library, Roxbury, Massachusetts, February 15, 2014
The event was hosted by Mimi Jones and sponsored by Friends of the Dudley Library, Alliance for a Secular and Democratic South Asia, and Massachusetts Global Action. Contact people included Mirna Lascano, Umang Kumar, Paul Malachi Penchalapadu, and Charlie Welch in addition to Mimi.
Video Prepared by Boston Neighborhood News TV’s “Around Town” -- Channel: Comcast 9 / RCN 15 Justin D. Shannahan, Production Manager, Ted Lewis, cameraman, and Laura Kerivan, copy editor for Boston Neighborhood Network Television. Nia Grace, Marketing and Promotions Manager of BNNTV, and Scott Mercer, of BNNTV, coordinated efforts to make the video available.
For additional information on Hubert Harrison CLICK HERE
and CLICK HERE
Note: The presentation and Question and Answer period lasted over 2 hours. The TV station edited it down to this length. There was much more presentation and discussion. Also, the crowd was remarkable since the event was at the highpoint of the winter’s big snowstorm, the governor was telling people to stay off the roads, and the public library closed early (only leaving a door open to the auditorium where this event was held). Those who made it to and stayed through the event were determined and this was manifested in their interest during the presentation, the lengthy Q and A period (some of which was cut), and much informal discussion that went on into the evening.
Hubert Harrison the “Father Harlem Radicalism” and Founder of the “New Negro Movement”
Presentation by Jeffrey B. Perry
at Estate Whim, St. Croix, July 19, 2016.
“The Developing Conjuncture and Some Insights From Hubert Harrison and Theodore W. Allen on the Centrality of the Fight Against White Supremacy” by Jeffrey B. Perry is now available at http://www.jeffreybperry.net/works.htm (top left)
This is a pre-publication version of an article that will appear online in "Cultural Logic"
Considered more race conscious than A. Philip Randolph and Chandler Owen and more class conscious than Marcus Garvey, Hubert Harrison is the key link in the ideological unity of the two great trends of the Black Liberation Movement—the labor and civil rights trend associated with Martin Luther King Jr., and the race and nationalist trend associated with Malcolm X. (Randolph and Garvey were, respectively, the direct links to King marching on Washington, with Randolph at his side, and to Malcolm, whose father was a Garveyite preacher and whose mother was a writer for Garvey’s Negro World, speaking militantly and proudly on Harlem’s Lenox Avenue.)
As the center of national Black leadership shifted from Booker T. Washington’s Tuskegee, Alabama, headquarters to New York City in the era of the First World War, Harlem increasingly became an “international Negro Mecca” and “the center of radical Black thought.” In this period, Harrison earned the title, ascribed to him by A. Philip Randolph and others, “the father of Harlem radicalism.”
During the 1910s and 1920s he was either the creator, or among the founders, of “almost every important development originating in Negro Harlem — from the Negro Manhood Movement to political representation in public office, from collecting Negro books to speaking on the streets, from demanding Federal control over lynching to agitation for Negroes on the police force.” He was also a key figure in developing Caribbean radicalism; he exhibited a rare willingness to learn from the peoples and cultures of Africa; and his (often unattributed) ideas and writings from this period significantly shaped the contours of radical Black thought on matters of race and class in the twentieth century.
Harrison was not only a political radical, however. Rogers described him as an “Intellectual Giant and Free-Lance Educator,” whose contributions were wide-ranging, innovative, and influential.
He was an immensely skilled and popular orator and educator who spoke or read six languages; a highly praised journalist, critic, and book reviewer (reportedly the first regular Black book reviewer in history); a pioneer Black activist in the freethought and birth-control movements; a bibliophile, library builder, and library popularizer who helped develop the 135th Street Public Library into an international center for research in Black culture; and a promoter and aid to Black writers and artists, including the authors J. A. Rogers and Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje (the first secretary-general of the South African Native National Congress, the forerunner of the African National Congress); the poets Claude McKay, Andy Razaf, Walter Everette Hawkins, and Lucian B. Watkins; the sculptor Augusta Savage; the actor Charles Gilpin; and the musician Eubie Blake. In his later years he was the leading Black lecturer for the New York City Board of Education and one of its foremost orators.
Though he was a trailblazing literary critic in Harlem during the period known as the Harlem Renaissance, he questioned the “Renaissance” concept on the grounds of its willingness to take “standards of value ready-made from white society” and on its claim to being a significant new rebirth. (He maintained that “there had been an uninterrupted,” though ignored, “stream of literary and artistic products” flowing “from Negro writers from 1850” into the 1920s.)
Jeffrey B. Perry and Laura Flanders discuss Hubert Harrison on Grit-TV, July 1, 2009.
Jeffrey B. Perry discusses Hubert Harrison at the Center for Marxist Education in Cambridge, Mass., 16 February 2014.
Hubert Harrison, (1883-1927) was an immensely skilled writer, orator, educator, critic, and political activist who, more than any other political leader of his era, combined class consciousness and anti-white-supremacist race consciousness into a coherent political radicalism. The St. Croix, Virgin Islands-born and Harlem-based Harrison profoundly influenced "New Negro" militants, including A. Philip Randolph and Marcus Garvey, and his synthesis of class and race issues is a key unifying link between the two great trends of the Black Liberation Movement: the labor- and civil-rights-based work of Martin Luther King Jr. and the race and nationalist work associated with Malcolm X.
Harrison played unique, signal roles in the largest class radical movement (socialism) and the largest race radical movement (the New Negro/Garvey) movement of his era. He was the foremost Black organizer, agitator, and theoretician of the Socialist Party of New York, the founder of the "New Negro" movement, the editor of the "Negro World," and the principal radical influence on the Garvey movement. A self-described, "radical internationalist," he was also a highly praised journalist and critic (reportedly the first regular Black book reviewer), a postal labor unionist, a union organizer (with both the Hotel Workers and the Pullman Porters), an IWW supporter, a speaker at the 1913 Paterson strike, a freethinker and early proponent of birth control, a supporter of Black writers and artists, a leading community-based public intellectual, an adult education lecturer for the New York City Board of Education, and a bibliophile who helped transform the 135th Street Public Library into an international center for research in Black culture (known today as the world-famous Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture). His biography offers profound insights on race, class, religion, immigration, war, democracy, and social change in America.
For more information on Jeff Perry's work, see his website.
"Hubert Harrison, Theodore W. Allen, and the Centrality of the Struggle Against White Supremacy," by Jeffrey B. Perry, Slide Presentation/Talk at The Commons, Brooklyn NY, July 26, 2014
“Hubert Harrison, St. Croix, Early Years in New York, and Black Working Class Intellectual Circles (1883-1910)," by Jeffrey B. Perry, Slide Presentation/Talk at The Commons, Brooklyn NY, August 2, 2014
“Hubert Harrison, the Socialist Party, the Founding of the 'New Negro Movement,' and the Liberty Congress (1911-1918)," by Jeffrey B. Perry, Slide Presentation/Talk at The Commons, Brooklyn NY, August 9, 2014
Discussion on Hubert Harrison with host Doug Canton and Mary Roebuck on "Reflections". Radio Station WSTX, Christiansted, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. July 7, 2016. See the discussion HERE
Interview conducted by Ingemar Smith at Morehouse College, March 4, 2010.
Bernard White, former program manager at WBAI Radio (99.5 FM) in New York, interviews author Jeffrey B. Perry on Hubert Harrison, “Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism, 1883-1918” (Columbia University Press), Theodore W. Allen, “The Invention of the White Race,” and the centrality of the struggle against white supremacy. This video of almost 44 minutes was filmed on October 28, 2010 at the Brecht Forum in New York and prepared by Marlowe Mason.
For additional information on “Hubert Harrison the Voice of Harlem Radicalism” Click Here
Jeffrey B. Perry discusses "A Hubert Harrison Reader" with host Stella Winston of "Straight Up!" for Brooklyn Cable TV, June 14, 2002.
Discussing Hubert Harrison with a group of students of Dr. Chenzira-Davis Kahina, Director of the Virgin Islands Caribbean Cultural Center (VICCC), University of the Virgin Island, Kingshill, S. Croix, USVI on July 20, 2016.
Jeffrey B. Perry on Hubert Harrison. Interview conducted by Ed Buckner of the American Atheists on March 31, 2010.
#722 Jeff Perry Interview from American Atheists on Vimeo.
Discussion on Hubert Harrison
with host Doug Canton and Mary Roebuck
on "Reflections." Radio Station WSTX,
Christiansted, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands.
July 7, 2016.
Hubert Harrison, “The Voice of Harlem Radicalism”
Presentation for the St. Croix Landmarks Society
“Coming Home to St. Croix”
Estate Whim, St. Croix, July 19, 2016.
Daniel Rodriguez Torres assisted with the subtitles. The video was produced by Pablo Zulu and Africana Sights and Sounds from the Soul.
Brilliant Intellectual and Radical Activist
Presentation by Jeffrey B. Perry
AFSCME, District Council 37, NY, January 27, 2010
Presentation on Hubert Harrison as a brilliant intellectual and radical activist by Jeffrey B. Perry.
A 10-minute segment from a longer presentation at AFCSME, District Council 37 headquarters in New York City, January 27, 2010.
October 20, 2013, Jeffrey B. Perry discusses "Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism and Theodore W. Allen's "The Invention of the White Race," at the Center for Marxist Education Cambridge, MA. Watch a video of the event HERE!
Jeffrey B. Perry interview/discussion with host Hugh Hamilton on Theodore W. Allen’s “The Invention of the White Race” (Verso Books) and on Hubert Harrison “The Father of Harlem Radicalism.” WBAI Radio (99.5 FM, NYC) Broadcast, Thursday, March 14, 2013 from 4 to 5 PM. To listen please go HERE -- (to the second hour of the two-hour radio program) [Special thanks to Michael G. Haskins for his assistance with this program]
The “100th Anniversary (Centennial) of Hubert Harrison's Founding of The New Negro Movement” is discussed by Dr. ChenziRa Davis-Kahina, Director of the Virgin Islands Caribbean Cultural Center (VICCC), University of the Virgin Island, Kingshill, S. Croix, USVI on her June 12, 2017 afternoon show. Listen to the discussion on Hubert Harrison at 8:06-28:48 HERE
"Update on Hubert Harrison." September 10, 2016 interview with Jeffrey B. Perry by host Etienne A. Gibbs on the "Chatting with Dr. Richardson" Blog Talk Radio show from St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands. Listen HERE .
Audio of Slide Presentation/Talk by Jeffrey B. Perry on "Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism," February 16, 2014 at the Center for Marxist Education, Cambridge, Mass.
This site CLICK HERE has the full length audio as well as shorter segments that were prepared by Truth and Justice Radio.
Host Allen Ruff interview with guest Jeffrey B. Perry on A Public Affair, WORT 89.9 FM Madison, Wisconsin, July 10, 2014. . They discussed the life and work of Hubert Harrison (“The Father of Harlem Radicalism"), the work of Theodore W. Allen (author of “The Invention of the White Race”), and the centrality of the struggle against white supremacy. Listen HERE
Playwright David Edgecombe and biographer Jeffrey B. Perry are guests of host Etienne A. Gibbs on A Panel of Two Authors Shining the Spotlight on Hubert Harrison on "In the Authors Corner" on Blog Talk Radio from St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands.March 16, 2015, 1:00 pm (EDT, AST).
Jeffrey B. Perry discusses "Hubert Harrison: 'The Father of Harlem Radicalism" ( part 1 of 2 ) with host Utrice Leid on her show “Leid Stories” on the Progressive Radio Network. September 12, 2013.
Jeffrey B. Perry discusses "Hubert Harrison: 'The Father of Harlem Radicalism" ( part 2 of 2 ) with host Utrice Leid on her show “Leid Stories” on the Progressive Radio Network. September 13, 2013.
October 12, 2013, Jeffrey B. Perry discussion on "Hubert Harrison, "The Father of Harlem Radicalism, and his grandson Ray Richardson, the former Black Power producer of Boston's prime time "Say Brother" Television Program (who died under suspicious circumstances in Mexico in 1971)" with host Janice Graham on Our Common Ground on Blog Talk Radio.
May 11, 2013, Jeffrey B. Perry, interviewed by Navid Nasr for "Bullet Points" on Voices of the 99% Blog Talk Radio.
Hubert Harrison -- Jeffrey B. Perry Ph.D., writer of “Hubert Harrison, The Voice of Harlem Radicalism, 1883-1918”, joins Mary Roebuck and Doug Canton in a preview of his scheduled presentation on Harrison, who is from St. Croix, at the St. Croix Landmarks Society’s “Come Home to St. Croix” on Tuesday, July 19, 2016 @ 6:00 PM at the Estate Whim Museum! See also HERE
Discussing Hubert Harrison
on "It's Your Perspective Talk Show"
with hosts David Christian and Campbell Ras Soup Carter
Christianstead St. Croix
July 20, 2016
Hubert Harrison's grand-children Ilva Harrison and Charles Richardson, great-grand-daughter Yvette Richardson Hudson, and great-great-grandaughter with Jean Aston at a ceremony marking the placement of The Hubert H. Harrison Papers at Columbia University's Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
Professor Ousmane Power-Greene (behind microphone), Jeffrey B. Perry, and students and faculty at Clark University in-between two Hubert Harrison events at Clark. Professor Power-Greene will be speaking on Harrison with Perry and others at the upcoming 94th Convention of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History in Cincinnati on October 4, 2009, and at the upcoming North American Labor History Conference 2009 at Wayne State University in Detroit on October 23, 2009.
Some of the speakers at the annual Davis-Putter Scholarship Event in New York on (April 16, 2009) at which there was a featured presentation on Hubert Harrison.
Hubert Harrison's Grandson Charles Richardson addresses the audience at the packed St. Mary's Church in Harlem on May 31, 2009 as he receives a posthumous New York City Council Resolution (initiated by Councilman Charles Barron) honoring Hubert Harrison. Seated on the stage are Ilva Harrison (Hubert Harrison's grand-daughter on the left) and Nellie Bailey, director of the Harlem Tenants Council (a driving force in the Proclamation effort).
Charles Richardson (Hubert Harrison's grandson), Ilva Harrison (Hubert Harrison's granddaughter), Onaje Allan Gumbs (nephew of Hubert Harrison's daughter-in-law), Jeffrey B. Perry, Yvette N. Richardson-Hudson (Hubert Harrison's great-granddaughter), and Yvette's two daughters (Hubert Harrison's great-great-granddaughters) at the May 31, 2009 Ceremony presenting a City Council Resolution posthumously honoring Hubert Harrison. From the Whitnie Payne photo album.
Hubert Harrison's grandson, Charles Richardson, great grand-daughter, Yvette Richardson Hudson, and grandaughters at the Hubert Harrison Proclamation Ceremony, May 31, 2009 at St. Mary's Church in Harlem.
Activist David Williams with Jeffrey B. Perry on the night of a Slide Presentation/Talk on Hubert Harrison at the African American Heritage Center at the Macon Branch of the Brooklyn Public Library, June 23, 2009.
Akua Gyamerah, Jeffrey B. Perry, and two friends with new copies of "Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism, 1883-1918" at the Harlem Book Fair, July 18, 2009.
Jeffrey B. Perry, activist/educator Brian Jones, and a friend in front of the Hubert Harrison Display at the Haymarket Tent at the Harlem Book Fair on July 18, 2009.
Ilva Harrison (Hubert Harrison's grand-daughter), author Jeffrey B. Perry, and a friend at the Harlem Book Fair, July 18, 2009.
Yuri Kochiyama (seated), Eddie Kochiyama (on left), and Audee Kochiyama proudly hold their copies of "Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism, 1883-1918" while Karl Jagbandhansingh displays a Hubert Harrison flyer in Oakland, California on July 26, 2009.
An increasing number of younger scholars are focusing on the life and work of Hubert Harrison. Rhone Frazer (pictured here with biographer Jeffrey B. Perry), is a Yale graduate and Ph. D. candidate at Temple (where he studies under Muhammad Ahmad). Rhone is writing a play in which a character, drawn from the life of Hubert Harrison, plays a central role. This photo was taken after an interview session at Columbia University on August 9, 2009.
The author with Sharese Porter and Ali McBride at the Brooklyn Book Festival, Borough Hall Brooklyn, September 13, 2009
Attendees listening to and watching a talk/slide presentation on Hubert Harrison at Red Emmas Bookstore in Baltimore Maryland, September 1, 2009
Some of the attendees at the Hubert Harrison Presentation before the Center for Inquiry - Harlem Branch, in the New York State Office Building, September 27, 2009.
At Eso Won Books, Los Angeles, October 13, 2009. Left to right -- Hubert Harrison biographer Jeffrey B. Perry, photographer Ed Tellis, and speaker Charles Richardson (Hubert Harrison's grandson).
Some of the attendees at the Hubert Harrison Presentation at the University of Wisconsin-Madison on October 29, 2009. The Hubert Harrison event was sponsored by the Rainbow Book Cooperative, The Havens Center, the Harvey Goldberg Center for the Study of Contemporary History, University of Wisconsin, Solidarity - Madison, International Socialist Organization, Socialist Party, and the Afro-American Studies, History, and Sociology Departments of the University of Wisconsin, Madison.